The Geography Department




Happisburgh 2003  From Cart Gap to Happisburgh

North Norfolk and Happisburgh Index



Photos taken on 28 May 2003



To get to the beach on this date meant an approach from Cart Gap, a mile to the south. One is a met by reminder!




At Cart Gap there is a concrete slipway, groynes still more or less complete, and a recurved sea wall in concrete masonry, complete with concrete underpinning. How the folks at Happisburgh must wonder what they must do to get this!


A more discreet notice covered the concrete access ramp at Cart Gap.



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Some steel sheet piling has been torn away from its fellows and is really quite a hazard in the shallows.


Happisburgh to the north, from the beach in front of Cart Gap. The sea wall is in good condition here.


The sea-weary nature of the defences becomes more apparent towards Happisburgh.

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The end of the line for the fixed concrete defences separating Cart Gap from Happisburgh. Immediately the coastline is indented to the north.


A cliff largely made up of fine sand, showing a recent fall of cliff top and the tide-line of rubbish.



Large blocks have fallen down onto the upper beach.



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Towards Happisburgh underlying clay is exposed as a shelf feature.



The debris trail of the Happisburgh erosion events. The buried steel poles are the remains of a hoard unearthed at Happisburgh.


The clay band is partially covered by a cone of debris from the sand above.


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The end of Cliff Road from the beach. The southern end of the boulder defences can be seen, as well as a good cross section of the cliffs at this point.






The remains of the last groyne defences and the new boulders - which appear to be overwhelmed at high water.




The steel pipes, although unsightly, have achieved a slowing of coastal erosion locally but, mixed up here with concrete slabs, present a sorry sight on the beach.

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Looking more like the D-Day invasion beaches,  steel sections from old groynes emerge from a pristine beach.


Steel pipes mixed up with failed groynes with Cliff House presiding over the scene.



The next victims line up above a cliff that has absolutely no strength - sand above clay.

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Towards the old lifeboat access ramp the beach becomes an assault course over slabs of concrete and the old revetment defences.

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The old lifeboat ramp has given way mid-way down its length.


The concrete wall of the ramp had been undermined and collapsed.


Sections of ramp, both of concrete and wood, have collapsed towards the beach.

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The really good news of the day was the state of near-completion of the beach access steps.


Without beach access nobody breaks the silence of the coastline north of Happisburgh.


The structure has quite a gap to overcome between the shore and its stairways.


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The field behind the new steps with its tokens of the holiday industry  .. many more reside to the north of the village.


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From Beach Road back to the car park. The empty land on the right recently had housing, now demolished.


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The wrecked lifeboat ramp from the top of the new beach steps.


A remaining outpost on the cliff-top, and two lines of revetments on the beach.


New cliff-protection boulders appear hopelessly lost in a low line across the beach.

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The sand makes attractive swirls where waves have driven between the new boulders.


Beach Road very much on the front line.




The steel piping is creating a new, if temporary, headland.


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The rear of Cliff House, defiantly flying the flag of St George.


An overview of the frontage.



This section of revetments has been wrenched from the beach and thrown against the cliff.

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At the end of beach road lies the new bay, originally created where the revetments finished. Some rip-rap defends the cliff here.


To the south, to Cart Gap, the incursions of the sea go unchecked.




Rip rap and steel pipes combine to do a good job!



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The end of Cliff Road is under attack from the east and from the south.




Only the foundations remain.

Norfolk Happisburgh Beach Road Cliff House Cart Gap coast erosion defences neglect revetments rip rap groynes beaches sea walls  access leisure lighthouse  lifeboat station


North Norfolk and Happisburgh Index